Monthly Archives: March 2017

Programming in Daily Life

“The best method for accelerating a computer is the one that boosts it by 9.8 m / s ^ 2.”

Philosopher Nick Bostrom, director of the Future of Humanity Institute at Oxford University in his ‘Simulation Argument’ stated “Humanity is literally living in a computer simulation. Instead of having brains in vats that are fed by sensory inputs from a simulator, the brains themselves would also be part of the simulation. It would be one big computer program simulating everything, including human brains down to neurons and synapses. “(Kuhn, nd)

A few of the instances of Programming in daily life are listed below ..

Class and Object, the most important features of Object Oriented Programming, as we all know, plays a vital role. According to a programmer, Class is nothing but a blueprint of an Object and an Object is a real world entity that has inherent meaning with certain characteristics and behavior. In the same way, if we buy a mobile from mobile shop, we get the following in the box: Instruction Manual, Mobile, Charger, Headphone etc. In the above case, Mobile is a real world entity (ie Object) that has several purpose or characteristics and how to use it is provided by the Instruction Manual (ie Class).

Encapsulation is the wrapping up of data and functions into a single unit (ie Class). It also ensures data security. In the same way, the medicines that we take are also encapsulated. There is an outer coating / layer that surrounds a medicine tablet / capsule for several purposes. Firstly, it keeps all the medical compositions intact. Secondly, the external environment interference is prohibited that may change its composition. Thirdly, the effectivity of the medicine is also increased as it reaches the target area without any variation in its nature. Medical compositions can be referred to as data and functions while the external environment interference prohibition can be referred to as ensuring data security.

Polymorphism, which is nothing but condition of occurring in several different forms. When we are in a class room, we behave like a student. When we are in market, we behave like a customer and when we are at our home, we behave like a son or daughter. This is how in our daily life, we implement polymorphism. Single person, playing different roles at different times based on the circumstances.

Inheritance is when an object or class is based on another object or class, using the same implementation (inheriting from an object or class) specifying implementation to maintain the same behavior (realizing an interface; inheriting behavior). Whenever a child is born, he inherits or extends the genetic information from his parents like the child class inheriting from the parent class. Like in programming, parent class can not inherit from child class, in the same way, in daily life, parents after giving money to child, do not ask it back again in general cases.

Variable is a value that can change, depending on conditions or on information passed to the program as per programmer. Did we ever consider the fact that our emotions, needs, desire, expectations and many such related issues are also variables as they vary / change / alter depending on conditions either external or internal. For example, we become happy when something good happens to us while we become sad immediately once the situation is against us, this is nothing but treating mood as a variable whose value alters accordingly.

A constant is an identifier with an associated value which can not be altered by the program during normal execution is really a tough definition to remember for normal people like me. But we can consider the simple fact that our soul is constant. We never die. Our body is made up of two parts namely soul and gross body. Gross body is nothing but the outer covering (ie epidermis) which is variable while on the other hand, soul is purely constant. Soul traverses from one body to another remaining constant.

How can I say that our gross body is variable while on the other hand, soul is constant?

The answer to the above question is quite simple and logical. If we keep our eyes wide open, we can observe several categories of people like few residing in multi-storied building while few in slums. Why there is difference? Have you all ever thought of it? It’s due to the effect of Karma. The gross body, one will get is purely dependent on past life activities. Human form of life is very fortunate and special. Soul traverses from one body to another body until it’s true motive is fulfilled. There are various other ways of understanding this concept but it’s out of the realm of my concern.

There are several other interesting facts of programming that can be easily associated with our daily life but I would like to restrict myself till here. Hoping to write more such wonderful articles to keep up the zeal of ‘Technological Arena’.

Advantages to Computers in the Food & Beverage Industry

Computers have revolutionized the food and beverage industry as they have nearly every other industry. Computers have had positive, measurable effects on the front end and back end of hospitality operations. Computers systems have improved employee performance, and food and beverage quality and consistency. Within the food and beverage industry there is no longer a question of should technology be used, but rather a question of which technology to use? In the food and beverage business, computers are here to stay.

In the hospitality industry, customer service is an absolute critical factor for success. Computers are helping in this area in several ways. In many restaurants, the wait staff can process various forms of payment at guest tables, which allows guest to leave directly from their table without the need to stop at a centralized checkout station. This has removed long unsightly lines, which annoy customers, and disrupt the flow of traffic in food and beverage businesses. This service is made possible by either small hand held computers which handle credit card transactions using wireless technology, or via remote point of sale systems that interact with a central computer system. This improves the customers dining experience, which should be the goal of any food service business.

A key management concern of any food and beverage business is the profit margin. In this vital area of ​​business, computers have also proven to be an indispensable tool. Computer systems help manage the entire food service process from ordering the ingredients needed to produce menu items, to forecasting the amount of items to prepare for each dining period based on historical patterns. This helps to reduce wasted food, which is very expensive and comes out of the businesses profit. It also helps in preparing menu items before hand, which reduces customer wait time. Computer can also forecast with high accuracy rates the volume of business to be expected which allows managers to properly staff their business. This is vital because having too much staff on hand can consume unnecessary amounts of payroll, and not having enough staff on hand will cause customer service problems.

Computers are also being used in very innovative ways by some food and beverage businesses. For instance, Darden Restaurants that owns and operates the Red lobster and Olive Garden chains uses computers to help choose new building sites. This computer system uses a software program called the Darden Site Analyzer. The software gathers critical information needed to select a site, such as demographics, distance to other restaurants and customer information specific to the Darden business model. The program then analyzes the site and provides a series of reports to help Darden make the final decision. Darden plans to improve the software so that it can evaluate things such as whether a new Darden restaurant will negatively effect other Darden restaurants in the same area.

Computer systems have become a vital part of all aspects of the food and beverage industry, they help with purchasing decisions, inventory control, employee scheduling and training, and customer acquisition and retention. A leading indicator of this growing trend is the fact that many hospitality training programs now include computer and technology courses in the curriculum.

Each year innovators are creating more unique ways that technology can be used to enhance the overall commercial dining experience. Computers make out of home dining a more enjoyable experience for the consumer and a more profitable manageable experience for business managers and owners.

(C) 2006, Marcus Barber

Nature and Scope of Economics

Many writers of the early days defined economics as "a science of wealth". Adam Smith commonly know as the father of modern economics, defined economics as "An enquiry into the nature and causes of wealth of nations."

These definitions were defective because they gave much importance to wealth. As wealth is not everything, it only leads to achieve welfare of human. Therefore it is man an which is the aim all of the economic activities.

Professor Dr. Alfred Marshall was the first economist who gave a logical definition of economics. He defined economics as: "A study of mankind in ordinary business of life, it examine that part of individual and social actions which is closely related with attainment and use of material requisites"


This definition gave a new direction to the study of economics. Following are the important characteristics of definition.

1. A Social Science

This Definition makes economics a social science. It is a subject that is concerned with the people living in society. According to Marshall, as the behavior of human beings is not same all the time therefore principles of economics can not be formulated like the laws of sciences. Further laws of economics are not as exact as the laws of natural sciences. For this reason it is a social science.

2. Study Of Man

Economics is related to man; therefore it is living subject. It discusses economic problems and behavior of man. According to Marshall it studies the behavior of man In ordinary business of life.

3. Wealth As A Means Of Material Well Being

According to Marshall, wealth is not the ultimate objective of human activities and therefore we do not study wealth, for the sake of wealth. Therefore according to this definition we study wealth as a source of attainment of material welfare.

4. Economics And Welfare

This definition makes economics a welfare oriented subject. We are concerned only with those economic activities which do not promote material welfare of human beings are out of the scope of economics.

5. Materiality

Marshal stresses upon the concept of "material requisite of well being". Therefore according to this definition all economic activities resolve around the acquisition and use of material goods like food, clothing etc. because they increase welfare of human beings. On the other hand non-material requisites of human life like education, recreation are ignored.

6. Normative Outlook

According to this definition economics should take care of good and bad aspects of economic activities and therefore involve itself in "what should be and what should not be". This is called normative aspect of economics.


"Robbins and other many economists severely criticized this definition on following grounds."

1. Limited To Material Welfare

This definition limits the subject of economics to material welfare of people. But the subject of economics is not limited to the study of material welfare of human beings. In reality both material and non material aspects of wellbeing are studies in economics.

2. Vague Concept of Welfare

The concept of welfare used in this definition is also not clear. The welfare of human beings is not limited to the attainment of material requisites. There are many other factors which affect the human welfare. Further the word "welfare" has different meaning for different persons and different societies. Therefore we can not define economics using an unclear concept of welfare.

3. Limited Scope

This definition has made the scope of economics limited. Only those activities are studied in economics which are aimed at the attainment of material requisites of well being. Further it ignores the economic activities of a person not living in society. Attainment of non material requisites of human well being fall out of the scope of economics. This division of material and non material aspects of human welfare is not correct.

4. Economics And Welfare

According to Robbins the study of economic activities on the basis of welfare is not good. It is not the duty of an economist to pass verdict that what is conducive to welfare and what is not. Thus according to Robbins "Whatever Economics is concerned with, it is not concerned with causes of material welfare as such.

5. Moral Judgment

In this definition Marshall makes economics a subject which considers the right and wrong aspect of economic activities. According to Robbins economics in neutral as regards ends and it is not the function of an economist to pass moral judgments and say what is good and what is bad.

6. Unrealistic

This definition appears to be unrealistic as we analyze it critically. The unclear concept of welfare, the division of ends into material and non material, the stress on good and bad, the concept of man living in society etc. all these concepts put unnecessary restrictions and make the scope of economics limited. These ideas make the definition unrealistic.


Although this definition gave a new direction to the subject of economics but it had many weaknesses. Some of the faults of definition are discussed above. For these reasons this definition was replaced by other new definitions of economics.

Jobs for Felons in Information Technology

Information technology job opportunities for felons pay well and offer fast career advancement. IT jobs for felons do require extensive technical knowledge but the main advantage to IT jobs for felons is that demand for IT skills is high compared to other industries even during the current economic downturn.

According to the most recent study by the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics, IT jobs are expected to grow more than twice as fast as the average for all other occupations. This report takes into account the recent dot-com bust and recovery as well as outsourcing trends. In other words, even with the off shoring of IT jobs and the economic slump, the IT industry is still one of the leading growth industries in the US today.

So what IT jobs for felons are available?

Information Technology is the study, design, implementation and management of computer-based information systems, chiefly software applications and computer hardware.

The IT jobs for felons that are in high demand include computer software engineers, network systems and data communications analysts, systems analysts, and network and systems administrators, again according to the Department of Labor's report.

Since the IT field is quite large, there is no one personality type that is needed to succeed. There is room for introverted, both technical IT people and extroverted business or sales-oriented IT people.

However, the one quality that all IT people must have is a willingness to keep on learning. The software programs and computer hardware of today will be outdated in a few years so IT professionals must study new technologies constantly.

Jobs for Felons: Information Technology

Information technology is one of those career paths that are suitable for ex-felons because there are a lot of IT jobs for felons available due to the industry's high growth rate.

If you apply for regular employment then you will definitely have to go through a background check. This can be a problem if the IT job involves handling a lot of sensitive information. Whether you will be able to land a job after the employer finds out about your past will depend on the type of felony, recency and evidence of rehabilitation.

One option you can look into is working freelance. No background checks will be involved since you will not be employed by any company or organization. Freelance IT jobs for felons simply entail looking for clients and working as an independent contractor. This has become very popular among felons because the internet has made it easier than ever before to find freelance IT job opportunities for felons online. You can even work from the comfort of your own home. This is a great option for people who want to spend more time with their families as well as those who have disabilities.

Jobs for Felons: Information Technology

Almost all colleges and universities in the US have IT programs so you will not have any problems finding the right certification, diploma or degree program for you. You can choose to either study on campus or online.

The best high-paying IT jobs for felons do require a bachelor's degree in information technology and / or certification so keep that in mine if you want to work for the top IT companies.

On the other hand, there are a few companies that offer on-the-job training although this is mostly for entry-level jobs.

For freelance work, you will need at least some certifications and probably an associate degree. Clients who hire freelancers will look at both qualifications and experience so once you have established a good IT work history you will be able to choose from among the better-paying IT jobs for felons.

Information Technology Jobs for Felons: Summary

Information technology jobs for felons are a good choice for ex-offenders because they pay well. IT is also a fast-growing industry with many job opportunities for felons. Information technology is a large field and people of all personality types can succeed in this type of work but you should be willing to learn and master constantly evolving technologies. In addition, you will need to finish a diploma or degree course in information technology to get the best jobs for felons available.

Forensic Pathology Vs Forensic Anthropology

Pathology, compared to forensic pathology, refers to a specialized field of medicine that is focused on the study of diseases. This is a method of studying conducted through an autopsy. By adding the word forensics to its name, the whole concept changes and you basically have that branch of pathology that determines the cause of death of a corpse through an autopsy that is made at the request of a medical examiner or coroner. That is forensic pathology.

There are many roles that forensics pathologists have. These include determining the cause of death, identifying the presence or absence of disease using tissue samples, forensic examination of the body, collaborative collection of evidence such as blood and hair samples and then passed on to toxicologists for analysis, acting as an expert witness in court cases, examining post mortem injuries and wounds, and collaborate investigations with forensic odontologists and physical anthropologists for body identification. All of these are performed in a painstaking and meticulous manner with zero percent error. Overall, the major component of forensic pathology is in the conduct of making autopsy examinations to both the internal and external organs in order to discover the cause of death. Tissue samples are taken from the bodies and studied under a microscope to establish the underlying pathological basis for the death.

One of the fields of specialized study that closely works with forensic pathology is forensic anthropology. Contrary to the former, forensic anthropology is the process of investigating what takes place with human remains that have been decomposed beyond recognition or scrapped of any remaining DNA.

Forensic anthropologists differ from forensic pathologist in that the latter is someone who focuses on the soft tissues of the body remains in order to conduct autopsies and determine cause of death. For this field, cause of death should be accurate as to whether it was because of suicide, by accident, of natural causes and the like. Although regular medical doctors can conduct these autopsies, a forensic pathologist has more training and experience in pathological issues and have specialized training in the field of forensic pathology.

Undergraduate courses in the field of forensic pathology already cover the whole range of anthropology in general with a few linguistic courses added. Masters and PhD programs are supplemented with more work and research. The postgraduate education for the application and techniques that are used in forensic pathology can already be obtained at the PhD level or while studying the Masters Degree.

L’Oreal Professional Majiblond Hair Color

Neutra B technology facilitates in neutralizing cool shades and ensuring a cleaner and lighter appearance to hair. High Tenacity (HT) Technology delivers long-lasting luminous results (903S only). L'Oreal patented core to surface technology assures long-lasting color and ultra radiant hair. Majiblond provides up to 30% of grey coverage. It is developed using ingredients Ionène G and Incell Complex that penetrate the hair up to 3 levels. The 11 shades in the Majiblond Ultra range from ash, pearl and beige tones. The shades include the shining simplicity of Light Natural Blonde, the cool chic of Light Pearl Ash Blonde and the simple, natural look of Ultra Light Natural Golden Blonde. It gives up to 4½ levels of clean lightening and can be used for global application or for highlighting and special effects.

How to use Majiblond?

1. Choose the right color

At the beginning you need to identify the shade you desire for your hair. Shades are identified by the numbers given to them. This means that for the darkest hair with black color the number would be – 1, 2 – for very dark brown, 3 – for dark brown, 4 – for brown, 5 – light brown, 6 – dark blonde, 7 – blonde, 8 – light blonde, 9 – very light blonde and finally 10 – for ultra or extra light blonde.Once you have identified your natural hair color, you will then need to select the shade of color you prefer. Make sure you choose a shade that complements your natural hair color. Majiblonde's shades are in the 9 range and depending on the strength of hydrogen peroxide you use, the final shade is obtained. Generally, the strength of peroxide used for it would be 12% 40 vol. Note that a higher strength peroxide will not cover grey. Hence if you need a shade of base 7, you will have to use 9% 30 volume and a 3% 10 volume is used to darken or change tone.

2. Mixing

The mixing ratio is 1: 2. You can mix 50ml or 1 tube of Majiblond Ultra with 100ml of L'Oréal Professional Cream Oxidant 30 volume or 40 volume for lightening up to 4 ½ levels. To obtain a light base you must use L'Oréal Professional Cream Oxidant 30 volume.


The method of application would be applying the color to your roots first, then covering the mid lengths and ends. Allow a development time for 50 minutes. Hair colors can cause an allergic reaction. Make sure that you follow the safety instructions on the leaflet.

3. Washing

After the development time, emulsify carefully. Make sure you rinse hair with water such that the color runs out completely. Apply a deep conditioner to protect your colored hair.